FASB Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-14: Presentation of Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Entities

Posted on: December 1, 2017 9:30 am

Written by Bryan Boynton

Background:

 

FASB issued ASU 2016-14 Not-for-Profit Entities: Presentation of Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Entities (NFP). The goal of this update is to make several improvements to current reporting requirements that address the following:

 

  1. Complexities about the use of the currently required three classes of net assets that focus on the absence or presence of donor-imposed restrictions and whether those restrictions are temporary or permanent
  2. Deficiencies in the transparency and utility of information useful in assessing an entity’s liquidity caused by potential misunderstandings and confusion about the term unrestricted net assets
  3. Inconsistencies in the type of information provided about expenses of the period
  4. Impediment of preparing the indirect method reconciliation if an NFP chooses to use the direct method of presenting operating cash flows.

 

Main Provisions:

 

The main provisions of this update require an NFP to:

 

1. Present on the face of the statement of financial position amounts for two classes of net assets at the end of the period, rather than for the currently required three classes. That is, an NFP will report amounts for net assets with donor restrictions and net assets without donor restrictions, as well as the currently required amount for total net assets.

 

2. Present on the face of the statement of activities the amount of the change in each of the two classes of net assets (noted in item 1) rather than that of the currently required three classes. An NFP would continue to report the currently required amount of the change in total net assets for the period.

 

3. Continue to present on the face of the statement of cash flows the net amount for operating cash flows using either the direct or indirect method of reporting but no longer require the presentation or disclosure of the indirect method (reconciliation) if using the direct method.

 

4. Provide the following enhanced disclosures about:

 

a). Amounts and purposes of governing board designations, appropriations, and similar actions that result in self-imposed limits on the use of resources without donor-imposed restrictions as of the end of the period.

 

b). Composition of net assets with donor restrictions at the end of the period and how the restrictions affect the use of resources.

 

c). Qualitative information that communicates how an NFP manages its liquid resources available to meet cash needs for general expenditures within one year of the balance sheet date.

 

d). Quantitative information, either on the face of the balance sheet or in the notes, and additional qualitative information in the notes as necessary, that communicates the availability of an NFP’s financial assets at the balance sheet date to meet cash needs for general expenditures within one year of the balance sheet date. Availability of a financial asset may be affected by (1) its nature, (2) external limits imposed by donors, grantors, laws, and contracts with others, and (3) internal limits imposed by governing board decisions.

 

e). Amounts of expenses by both their natural classification and their functional classification. That analysis of expenses is to be provided in one location, which could be on the face of the statement of activities, as a separate statement, or in notes to financial statements.

 

f). Method(s) used to allocate costs among program and support functions.

 

g). Underwater endowment funds, which include required disclosures of (1) an NFP’s policy, and any actions taken during the period, concerning appropriation from underwater endowment funds, (2) the aggregate fair value of such funds, (3) the aggregate of the original gift amounts (or level required by donor or law) to be maintained, and (4) the aggregate amount by which funds are underwater (deficiencies), which are to be classified as part of net assets with donor restrictions.

 

5. Report investment return net of external and direct internal investment expenses and no longer require disclosure of those netted expenses.

 

6. Use, in the absence of explicit donor stipulations, the placed-in-service approach for reporting expirations of restrictions on gifts of cash or other assets to be used to acquire or construct a long-lived asset and reclassify any amounts from net assets with donor restrictions to net assets without donor restrictions for such long-lived assets that have been placed in service as of the beginning of the period of adoption (thus eliminating the current option to release the donor-imposed restriction over the estimated useful life of the acquired asset).

 

Effective date:

 

Fiscal years beginning after 12/15/2017 (e.g. fiscal years ending 12/31/18 or 6/30/19)and affects interim financials the following year